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  Date:8th Jan 2012

Comparison of India's science research with China, US, UK and Japan

Dr. Michiel Kolman , Senior VP of science publications Elsevier has shared a presentation on India's research performance over the last five years at the 99th Indian Science Congress. His analysis is based on the scientific articles written by the Indian scientists and researchers.

The points shared by him include:
1. India is one among the top 10 researchers in science based on the quantity. Scientific research in India has grown by 14.3% and China by 22.8%.

2. The quality of the publications is determined by the citations per article, based on data in Elsevier's SciVerse Scopus database. On quality rating, India scored 2.7 citations per article, where as China scored 2.2 citation per article. The leading science nations such as the UK and the US are at 6 while Japan is at 4 citations per article.

3. Based on 2006-2010 Scopus data, India has 159 research leadership areas and China has 885 research leadership areas for 2006-2010.

4. India publishes most in chemistry (20%), engineering (13%), biology & biotechnology (12%), math & physics (11%), medical (11%) and computer science (11%). India's "leadership articles" - articles in the 159 leadership areas as determined by SciVal Spotlight - are dominated by chemistry at an impressive 38% contribution. Other key areas are engineering (15%), biology & biotechnology (14%), math & physics (10%), while there are only 5% leadership articles in computer science and 4% in medical. China shows the same strong leadership in computer science that India shows in chemistry.

5. The key players in India, as measured in research output, are science institutes: the Top 10 is led by the Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, followed by IITs, CSIRs, and the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre. Currently article growth comes typically from universities rather than from the science institutes, so the biggest players are not ones with the highest growth rates.

6. Indian authors are now relatively more inclined to collaborate with other Indian authors rather than scientists from other countries.

With a 1 billion+ population, this may not sound very impressive. If we consider on per-capita bais, India's scientific research-rank slips to far below than what is ranked by this research based on the total. The real goal is to reach top 3 on per-capita basis.

Author: Srinivasa Reddy N
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